Dr Rehan sarfraz, Dr Nauman Rasheed Satti , Dr Muhammad Atif Nawaz
Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a leading major risk factor for chronic diseases and deaths. The prevalence of patients with hypertension (HT) had reached from 600 million in 1980 to one billion in 2008. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the relationship of knowledge about hypertension with the control of blood pressure. Methodology of the study: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore during March 2018 till September 2108. The data was collected from 100 patients of high blood pressure and visited the OPD of hospital. A questionnaire was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the literature to measure the level of knowledge about HT. The questionnaire had 15 items as follows: three questions about BP classification; four questions about HT complications, four questions about treatment and BP control; and four questions about signs and follow-up of HT. Results: The data was collected from 100 patients of both genders. On comparison of questions related to knowledge, there was statistically significant different in; meaning of hypertension (p <0.001), target SBP (p0.001), target DBP (p 0.001), importance of SBP versus DBP, improvement of health with lowering of blood pressure (p 0.002), high blood pressure being asymptomatic (p <0.001), changing lifestyle improves blood pressure (p 0.003), hypertension being a lifelong disease (<0.001), lifelong treatment with anti-hypertensives (<0.001) and high blood pressure being part of aging (<0.001). Conclusion: It is concluded that patients who were aware that elevated BP levels lead to reductions in life expectancy had a higher compliance level with medication use and follow-up visits than patients without this awareness.