Dr Bilal Ghafoor, Dr Sana Iftikhar, Dr Amina ayoub
Objective: This research work conducted to assess the most frequent symptoms & signs of hypothyroidism in people with medical detection of this disease with the help of tests of laboratory. Methodology: This was a descriptive transverse research work completed in the duration of 13 months in the Avicenna Medical College and Hospital Lahore. All the patients with possible hypothyroidism diagnosis on the basis of symptoms and signs and got referral to the health care centers were the part of this research work. The tests of radio immunoassay & assessment of the hormones of thyroid carried out. The interviews conducted to gather the information about the demography & signs of disease in the patients. Computer was in use to enter the collected information and SPSS software was in utilization for analysis of the data. Results: Total 50 patients filled the questionnaire and they have to undergo three interviews in this duration. 1: 6 was the male to female ratio. Intolerance to cold (95.0%) gain of weight & menorrhagia were the most frequent symptoms of this disease. Edema (80.0%) & pallor (60.0%) were the most frequent symptom of this disease. We found the extreme nature of disease in 4.0% patients. The mild nature was the most frequent appearance of this disease (60.0%). Conclusions: The very frequent symptom & signs of this disease in the central part of Punjab (Multan city), which one of the areas with iodine deficiency; were much different from the symptoms & signs described by other research works. Nutritional, social & demographic condition, level of qualification & self-care are the most possible reasons. Unluckily, accompaniment of few symptoms and signs are not indicative for this complication of hypothyroidism. The only reliable methods are confirmation from laboratory tests and strong medical examination for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism. Keywords: Frequent, Methodology, Hypothyroidism, Complication, Symptoms, Laboratory.