Abeer Mahmoud Mirdad, Seba Mohammed Alharbi, Shuruq Sultan Alkibary, Samar Mahmoud Farraj, Fatemah Mohammed Alsabiani, Arwa Salamah Alsharif, Abdulrahman Abdulwahed Algarni, Aljawharah Muidh Asiri, Mohsen Mohammed Alzamanan, Hadeel Ahmed Alsubhi, Ibrahim Ahmed Aldayini, Sajedah Zohair Bahumdain, Shaima Muidh Asiri
Introduction: Bronchial asthma is a multifaceted illness involving the conducting airways and is characterized by persistent airway inflammation, decreased airway function, and tissue adaptation. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study performed among the pediatric population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, to assess asthma control factors. Results: A total of 590 children were included in this study; most were males (68%). Regarding the BMI, 38.3% were underweight, and 10.7% were obese. The most common asthma triggers were dust (50.8%) and common cold (19%). Age (P=0.000), BMI (P=0.000), the parents' education (P=0.001), the average monthly income (P=0.000), and the most common triggers (P=0.000) were all significantly associated with asthma control. Conclusion: Most children with uncontrolled bronchial asthma were obese children. Dust was the most common cause of bronchial asthma in Jeddah, followed by the common cold. The majority of children with uneducated parents have uncontrolled bronchial asthma. High family income was significantly associated with better asthma control. Keywords: Bronchial asthma, control, body mass index, childhood.