Dr Aqsa Choudhary, Dr Masooma Batool, Dr Muntaha Munawar
Objective: This study aimed to interrogate the consequences of macrosomia & comparison of the risk aspects linked with the maternal complications as well as issues of neonates among females suffering from suffering from GDM (Gestation Diabetes Mellitus) & females with no GDM and to find out the importance for the screening of gestation diabetes mellitus before delivery of child. Methodology: We took the samples of blood from one hundred and twenty mothers of neonates suffering from macrosomia within twenty-four hours after child birth & evaluated the levels of HBA1c (glycohemoglobin). The detection of gestation diabetes mellitus was depending upon the levels of glycohemoglobin greater than 5.90%. Results: We found 23 mothers with glycohemoglobin level greater than 5.90%. Complications of maternal and neonates were not varying significantly in undiagnosed gestation diabetes mellitus females & females with no gestation diabetes mellitus. Excluding the age of mother, her parity & body mass index, all other factors of risk for the GDM development ere not different in both groups significantly. Conclusions: The rate of the maternal complications and problems of neonates have association with the birth of the neonate with macrosomia and these are no different in the mothers of both groups. So, the screening for the females having pregnancy for gestation diabetes mellitus is not necessary. KEY WORDS: GDM, diabetes, mellitus, complications, methodology, parity, body mass index, neonate, maternal.