Dr Aqsa Choudhary, Dr Masooma Batool, Dr Muntaha Munawar
Objective: The purpose of this study was to see the lipid profile in hypertension cases. Methods: This descriptive study held at Mayo Hospital, Lahore from April 2017 to August 2018. A total of 100 patients admitted with hypertension were the participants of the study. The patients are in the range of 40-80 years. Both known hypertensive patients who were on treatment for a varying time and newly diagnosed hypertensive patients participated in the study. Results: Serum TC, LDL/ HDL, VLDL, TGL, TC/HDL, LDL, were much higher within the hypertensive group in comparison with healthy controls. HDL serum was deficient within patients of hypertension in comparison with controls, and the LDL was high within obese in comparison with non-obese patient value for both HDL and LDL was statistically significant. It was definitely found that LDL /HDL and TC/ HDL were high within obese patients, TC was high in the group of CVA, LDL was high in the IHD group, TC was high in the IHD group, LDL was high in the CVA group, and LDL/ HDL along with TC/ HDL was high in the CVA group in comparison with non-CVA group. Conclusion: There was significant variation of lipid profile within hypertensive patients in comparison with controls. LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL/HDL, TC/HDL, and VLDL ratios were high within patients of hypertension. HDL was reduced in hypertensive patients. Hyperlipidemia was often observed in most cases of patients with Type IIa pattern. Mean TC /HDL, TC, LDL/ HDL, LDL were found high within obese. Average TC, TC/ HDL, LDL/ HDL, and LDL ratios are raised in a group of CVA. The average TC and LDL were high in the group of IHD. Keywords: Hypertension; TC; LDL; HDL; VLDL; TGL; Cerebrovascular accident; Ischemic heart diseases; Obesity.