Dr.Haaris Mehmood, Dr.Arifa, Dr.Muhammad Farhan Ejaz
Background: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence rate of tuberculosis in patients of Nishtar Hospital Multan. Methods: Study was conducted in Nishtar Hospital Multan. Total no. of 200 patients were approached suspected to have pulmonary TB. Sputum samples were taken from patients and studied under microscope. Information was collected through designed Performa, regarding date of registration to hospital, gender, age, weight, diagnosis and treatment. Results: Total no. of 200 patients were screened out of which 83(41.5%) were positive. Total no of 123 male and 77 female screened out, in which 56(45.5%) and 27(35.06%) were positive respectively. Patients belongs to category 3 (46-55years old) 35(55.55%) out of 63 tested samples were shown higher percentages as compared to others. Month-wise distribution (November, December, January and February ) were given and in the month of February 25(42.37%) out of 59 patients were shown positive higher results as compared to other months. Conclusions: It was concluded from the study that Pulmonary TB is the most common prevailing disease among the patients of Nishtar hospital Multan Pakistan and higher incidence was recorded in males as compared to female during the month of February.