Yasir Ali Butt, Xiao Dong-Wang, Hadiliya-Hasimu, Qazi Syed Irfanullah Shah, Palida Abulizi
Objective: To determine the changing epidemiology of syphilis in Xinjiang area, China. Methods: In this study males and female patients were included. The data was from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, China. The data was extracted from the records. The reported cases from 2010-2014 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were extracted for the study. The cases were diagnosed by the serological testing. Their gender was also noted. On average the male patients were around 55% and female patients were around 45% respectively. The type of syphilis was also recorded. The results are presented in the percentages of the total syphilis cases. Results: Out of the total reported cases of syphilis from 2010 to 2014, majority of the cases were latent syphilis having an overall percentage of 89.2. Overall, the percentages of primary (6.21%), secondary (2.2%), congenital (1.97%) and tertiary (0.56%) were less than 11%. The primary syphilis was found the second most common type of syphilis in Xinjiang area. Conclusion: The reported cases of syphilis were higher in male patients in 2010 with higher number of females and latent syphilis. The number of congenital syphilis was lower in 2010. The number syphilis cases were almost similar 2011 with higher number of female cases and latent syphilis. The reported cases in 2012-2014 were almost as in 2011. Key words: Syphilis, Epidemiology, Latent syphilis.