Dr Areeba Ashfaq, Dr Fareeha Ghafoor, Dr Tauqeer Azhar
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common medical disorders, associated with an increased incidence of all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Fifty-four per cent of strokes and 47% of cardiac deaths are attributed to suboptimal blood pressure control. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the relationship of knowledge about hypertension with the control of blood pressure. Methodology of the study: This cross sectional study was conducted in Bahawal Victoria hospital, Bahawalpur during April 2018 to November 2018. The data was collected from 200 patients of high blood pressure and visited the OPD of hospital. The data was collected through a prepared questionnaire in which we collect the basic demographic data of patients. BMI of all the randomly selected patients were measured by measuring height and weight. The blood pressure (BP) levels were measured from the right and left arms of the subjects in a sitting position. BP was measured twice with 10 min interval. Results: The data was collected from 200 patients of both genders. It was found that 36.5% of the subjects with HT consumed enough fruit/vegetables (≥ 3 times a day), 31.3% of them exercised sufficiently (at least 3 days and 150 min per week) while 52.0% of the study population did not exercise at all. On comparison of knowledge as a composite score between uncontrolled and controlled hypertensive; Mean (SD) was 21.85(4.74) v18.67 (4.70) (p value :< 0.001) Knowledge score on most of individual item questions between the two group was significantly different. Conclusion: It is concluded that patients who were aware that elevated BP levels lead to reductions in life expectancy had a higher compliance level with medication use and follow-up visits than patients without this awareness.