Dr Muhammad Umar Arif, Dr Unzurna Gull Khan, Dr Amna Manzoor
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to assess the percentage and risk factors for thyroid cancer complications in thyroid patients. Study design: case series. Place and duration: In the Surgical Unit II and ENT department of Services Hospital Lahore for one year duration from February 2019 to February 2020. Method: Retrospective review of complications of 50 consecutive thyroid patients due to differentiated thyroid cancer was done in this study. Retrospective evaluation of postoperative complications was performed in fifty patients (various surgical procedures) who underwent thyroid due to differentiated thyroid cancer. Result: Hypocalcaemia in 16 patients (32%) and transient vocal cord paralysis in one patient (2%) were serious postoperative complications in fifty patients. Along with the total thyroid, excision of the tracheal lymph nodes was significantly associated with temporary and permanent hypocalcaemia. Conclusion: Thyroid surgery can be performed safely with acceptable morbidity. Hypocalcaemia is the most important complication. The dissection of the tracheal lymph nodes was the most important predictor of hypocalcaemia in patients who received complete thyroid. KEYWORDS: Diversified thyroid cancer, postoperative complications.