Abeera Ejaz, Kainat Abid, Muhammad Usman, Azhar Hussain
Background: Hepatitis B is the disease of liver caused by a virus (HBV) that can lead to cirrhosis of liver and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study we studied and compared knowledge, attitude and practices regarding safety, transmission of Hepatitis B in junior doctors. Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan started from April 2019 and completed in August 2019. Our study subjects were junior doctors and paramedical staff. 204 people were engaged in our study after being explained with the whole study process and informed consent from them. Results: We studied on a population of 204. 84 (41.2%) were males and 120 (58.8%) were females. 196 (96.1%) of our total subjects knew that Hepatitis transmits from exposure to blood or blood products. 192 (94.1%) knew that all children do need Hepatitis B vaccine. About protection from Hepatitis B by wearing gloves, 179 (87.7%) had opinion that it does protect. 146 (71.6%) participants thought that Hepatitis B is a contagious disease, 53 (26.0%) had idea as hepatitis not being a contagious disease. 175 (85.8%) subjects had their perspective as blood test is the only way to rule out if the person is having Hepatitis B or not. 202 (99.0%) said that the safe disposal of needles is important in control of Hepatitis. 191 (93.6%) of population knew that Hepatitis can cause serious liver disease. 174 (85.3%) subjects said that Hepatitis B can cause liver cirrhosis. 158 (77.5%) said that Hepatitis B can cause Liver Cancer. 176 (86.3%) knew that death can be caused by Hepatitis B. 157 (77.0%) subjects said that there is a treatment available for Hepatitis B. 167 (81.9%) were vaccinated against Hepatitis B. 175 (85.8%) had concept about booster dose. The families of 139 (68.1%) had screening for Hepatitis B. Conclusions: Our study population had knowledge about the transmission and various risks and preventive factors of Hepatitis B Keywords: Hepatitis B, Knowledge and attitude, Junior Doctors.