Dr Tehreem Azmat, Sumaira Liaqat, Dr Salman Ahmed
Objective: One of the main reason of high rate of morbidity as well as mortality in the whole world is ACS (Acute Coronary Syndrome). Normally, this complication is not common among young persons in comparison with elder population of community. Main aim of this research work was to evaluate the prevalence rate, demographic traits and risk factors for ACS among patients having less than forty five years of age. Methodology: This study is a transverse, retrograde research work. We recruited the patients with random sampling of the patients who got admission because of ACS in Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from March 2016 to December 2019. The collection of the data and its analysis carried out. Comparison of the patients having less than forty five years of age carried out with the patients having greater than forty five years of age. Result: A sum of total 628 patients were the participants of this research work. The prevalence of ACS in young population with ACS was 6.10%. The average age of these patients was 39.0 ± 6.0 years. The diagnosis of all the young patients of ACS carried out with the unstable angina and NSTEMI (Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction). Habit of cigarette smoking and past history of diseases of coronary artery in the family were very common in the young patients of ACS. There were 59.50% young patients of ACS who were addicted to smoking, whereas 37.80% and 51.40% among them were suffering from DM (Diabetes Mellitus) and HTN (Hypertension) correspondingly. Smokers of tobacco, DM and HTN displayed important association with the onset of ACS in young population (P ≤ 0.050). Conclusion: Three most important risk factors (cigarette smoking, DM and HTN) had been displayed to have significant association with the onset of ACS in young population. So, it is vital to detect these factors and the implementation of strict measures are necessary to handle these factors for the prevention of the progression of diseases of coronary artery. KEY WORDS: Diabetes mellitus, correspondingly, prevalence, retrograde, transverse, ACS, coronary, artery, prevalence, association, NSTEMI.