Mohammed Gamah, Yu Zhang1, Moshera Al-ansi, Abdul Baset Abbas, Maged Almezgagi, Muhammad Shoaib1, Yi-ling Zhou, Qiao-rong Ji, Zhou-yang Yuan1, Wei Zhang
High altitude can be described in terms of elevations as low as 1500 meters to those as high as 8800 meters. For the particular purposes of tracking various immune parameters within humans, very few studies have been carried out so far at high altitude. For environmental conditions such as high-altitude military personnel and mountaineers may need to operate. There are various and varying stressors, for example, high altitudes, moisture and the supply of food and water, lengthy moderate to extreme physical activity, minimal or insufficient sleep, increased susceptibility to infection and injury, etc. The consequences of high exposure to high altitudes are discussed in this review.