Dr Haider Ali, Dr Muhammad Usman Shakoor, Dr Sabina Alim
Aim: The aim of this study was to study the prevalence of completely impacted teeth in dentate and edentulous jaws. Methods: Panoramic X-rays of 2000 patients were evaluated retrospectively. There were 1,124 women and 876 men who attended the dental OPD of Punjab Dental Hospital for one year duration from March 2019 to March 2020. Results: A tooth is considered affected when it is completely covered with bone or is not aligned with the remaining teeth in any of the dental arches. It was found that 141 (7.1%) patients had single or multiple fully impacted teeth. It was found more often in patients with 7.3% of teeth than 5.3% of edentulous patients. 119 (6%) patients had a permanent tooth jam, 22 patients (1.1%) had a supernumerary jam, the majority of which were found in men with a toothed tooth. The permanent canines were the most frequently retained permanent teeth, followed by premolars. In the case of supernumerary puncture, the supernumerary teeth resembling the premolar morphology in the premolar area occurred more often than the mesiodens. Conclusion: To examine impacted teeth, a radiographic examination with a panoramic radiograph is not sufficient. A more detailed examination is needed to assess the exact location of impacted teeth in the dental arch and their proximity to vital structures or adjacent teeth. Therefore, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is recommended. Key words: impacted permanent teeth, impacted supernumerary teeth, alveolar cyst, multiple supernumerary teeth.