Dr Muhammad Haseeb Ashraf, Dr. Alia Kareem, Dr. Shaffaq Ayub
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus, a world-wide increasing disease, is related to a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from either defect in secretion or insulin action or even both. Many of the patients who seek dental care present systemic diseases, including diabetes, which are often unknown and not controlled. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the level of blood glucose concentration in diabetic patients undergoing tooth extraction. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bahawal Victoria hospital, Bahawalpur during October 2019 to March 2020. The patients selected for this study were those who suffered from diabetes. After the volunteers signed the consent form, a small sample of blood from the fingertip was taken and placed in the digital glucometer. Results: There is no statistically significant difference between the groups, regarding the evaluation period (p> 0.05). However, when comparing the periods statistically significant differences were observed (p <0.05) for T2 and T3 values for group. Conclusion: It is concluded that periodontal disease is the main oral clinical manifestation in diabetic patients. Poorly controlled diabetes could lead to complications that may even be life- threatening. Long- term complications include: retinopathy, nephropathy, autonomic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy and cardiovascular disease.