Dr Dania Noor, Dr. Sadia Nazir, Dr Maryam Iqbal
Aim: To determine the frequency of blood-borne infections, in particular hepatitis B and C, in our hospital, and to develop a strategy for protecting healthcare workers against these infections. Study design: This is a descriptive study. Study Location and Duration: In the Medicine Unit-II of Jinnah Hospital Lahore for one-year duration from May 2019 to May 2020. Methods: The study was targeted at low to middle and low-middle socioeconomic groups which covers 80% to 85% of the population. All patients underwent ELISA analysis to detect hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus. Results: A total of 1,891 people were tested for hepatitis B and C viruses. Of the 1,891 subjects, 340 (17.9%) were positive for hepatitis B or C viruses. Of these, 27 (7.94%) were positive for HBsAg, 309 (90.8%) were anti-HCV, and 4 were both positive for hepatitis B and C (1.17%). 125 (36.76%) are men and 215 (63.24%) are women. The female to male ratio is 1.7: 1. The age range was 12-90 years, and most patients were 40-49 years old, followed by 20-29 years of age. Conclusion: HCV is more prevalent than HBV infection, which indicates a worrying situation in which women are more prevalent than men. Key words: hepatitis B, hepatitis C, health care workers, universal precautions.