Dr Iram Irshad, Dr Saima Naz, Dr Marium Saleem
Introduction: Pakistan is an Islamic Republic in South-Central Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea. It is situated between HIV/AIDS high risk countries, India on the east, China in the north, and Afghanistan on the west. Its only low risk neighbor is Iran. The estimated population of Pakistan is 162,419,946, with an annual population growth rate of 2.03%. Objectives of the study: The basic aim of the study is to analyze the emergence and evolution of HIV as a growing epidemic in Pakistan. Methodology of the study: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Islamabad Medical and Dental College during 2019 to 2020. Basically, we design a questionnaire to find out the reasons and prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Pakistani nation. In this questionnaire we add some basic questions regarding HIV. Results: Like other Asian countries Pakistan is also HIV epidemic, characterized by different risk factors Formerly Pakistan was considered to be a low prevalence country, but now it is in the group of "Countries in Transition" with a concentrated epidemic among high risk groups, where the AIDS problem is increasing since last five years, according to the private newspaper The News and NACP NIH. Conclusion: This is the common thought in the minds of Pakistani people that as an Islamic Republic, Pakistan is protected from HIV/AIDS. This is true that Islam is against pre-marital sex or extra-marital sex and also homosexuality, and this is a valuable barrier against HIV/AIDS. But still there is a threat of prevalence of this disease in Pakistan.