Dr. Umar Iqbal, Dr. Arbaz Ali Shah, Dr. Ahmed Bilal
Objectives: The study was designed to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion in adults. Place and Duration: In the Dental department of Punjab Dental Hospital, Lahore for six months duration from October 2019 to March 2020. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to examine 350 adult patients. Data was obtained through self-reported questionnaires and clinical dental studies. Questionnaires consisting of socio-demographic and oral habits. The clinical dental examination was based on the criteria of the WHO core methods for craniofacial anomalies (1997). Statistical analyzes included descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and binary logistic regression analysis. Results: Regarding oral habits; 6% reported thumb sucking, 11% tongue thrusting, 42% mouth breathing, and 5.7% had speech difficulties. The incidence of malocclusion of dentofacial was as follows: 41.5% had crowded in the front teeth, 31.4% had spacing in the front teeth, 16.6% had Diastema, 49.7% had tooth irregularities, 42.5 The% had an overjet, 18.3% had anterior cross bite and 31.1% had an open front bite. Crowding risk indicators are age and gender; the intervals were education, tongue sticking, and speech problems; there was education for Diastema; the abnormalities of the teeth were mouth breathing; and for a cross bite, thumb sucking, tongue stuffing and mouth breathing. No risk indicators were associated with the anterior overjet and the open bite. Conclusion: The incidence of maxillofacial malocclusion ranged from 17% to 50%. The frequency of oral habits that could cause malocclusion ranged from 6% to 44%. Age, gender, education, tongue sticking, speech problems, mouth breathing; and thumb sucking were risk indicators for malocclusion characteristics. Keywords: Characteristics, Facial and dental, Malocclusion, Morbidity.