Dr Fatima Akram, Tamia Khan, Amna Shahzad
Background: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) also known as atherosclerotic heart disease, coronary heart disease, or Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease and cause of heart attacks. The emerging profile of patients with AMI is that the majority are male, relatively younger as compared to Western population, have smoking and hypertension followed by diabetes as the major risk factors. Our study was aimed at assessing the relationship between ischemic heart disease (IHD) and dietary habits. Objectives: To examine the relation between diet intake and risk of ischemic heart disease. To create awareness about dietary habits and its role in prevention of IHD among people. Study design: descriptive cross sectional study. Study area: DHQ hospital Gujranwala. Study duration: one month. Material and methods: 100 patients of ischemic heart disease were interviewed after taking consent using preformed structured questionnaires. All patients were selected randomly. Data will be analyzed using SPSS 24. Results: 56% of patients were above 60 years of age. Males and females were in equal ratio. 84% of subjects were between 50 and 75 kg of weight.60% were having disease for less than 5 years and 55% were not having any family history, 69% of patients don’t exercise and about 55% consumes soft drinks. Conclusions: People of advanced age (above 60 years) are more involved in ischemic heart diseases most patients have disease for less than 5 years, most patients suffering from IHD were using ghee in their cooking. The number of patients who don’t exercise was significantly high in our subjects. Key words: atherosclerotic, ischemic, descriptive cross sectional.