Maooz Ahmad, Dr Sayyeda Khadija, Namrah Shahid, Rahman Ud Din, Sadia khanum khattak, Laiba Gul
Introduction: Endometrial polyps (EPs) found in approximately 34.9% of infertile women. Transvaginal sonography (TVS) is a regularly, non-invasive module of fertility evaluation. Most ultrasonographic studies of EPs have occurred on abnormal uterine bleeding; few have assessed EPs in infertile women. Moreover, no studies have explored endometrial thickness and its association with EPs in infertile women. This study aimed to evaluate transvaginal sonographic measurement of endometrial thickness and its value in analysis and prediction of EPs in infertile women. Purpose: This systematic review is conducted to find the role of ultrasound in detection of endometrial changes which causes polyps infertility in women. Method: The English literature (MEDLINE, PUBMED, and OBGYN.ONLINE LIBRARY) was searched using keywords endometrial polyps; transvaginal sonography; endometrial thickness; infertility; All abstracts were prospective studies between 2010-2020. Relevant articles were assessed. Conclusion: TVS is poor in detecting of EPs in infertile women; on the other hand, transvaginal sonographic measurement of endometrial thickness is useful. It is recommended that the diagnostic importance of TVS for EPs in infertile women can be better by adding the measurement of endometrial thickness to the variables that are regularly assessed. Keywords: Infertility, Endometrial Thickness, Endometrial polyps, Transvaginal scan.