Dr Misbah Arshad, Dr Naveed Irshad, Dr Kashif Javed
Background: Worldwide, urinary tract infection is found most common problem caused by microbial invasion to different tissues of urinary tract. There has been a marked increase in fungal infections involving the urinary tract, of which candida species are the most prevalent. Objective: To determine the prevalence of candida isolates from urine of patients reporting to Hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in DHQ Hospital, Faisalabad during June 2019 to March 2020, among 4069 urine cultures of patients aged 18 years and above of either gender. Urine samples were taken in a sterilized container and were cultured using standard techniques. Candida isolates were identified by Lactophenol blue wet films and Gram stain. SPSS-17 was used for statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics were calculated and chi square test was applied to see the associations. Results: Among 4069 patients, 37.6% were male and 62.4% were female. Female patients revealed higher incidence of candida speciesin urine (7%) than that of male patients (3.2%) while there was no difference of Candida species isolations among ward and outdoor female (7.4% and 6.3%) and male patients (3.3% and 3%). The results shows significant association of urine culture result with gender, age and setting among patient <2 years. Conclusion: Urinary tract infections caused by Candida species were often encountered in both out-patients and in-patients in this study. Females were more commonly affected than males.