Abdullah Alshareef , Adnan Alghamdi, Anmar Alshibely, Ammar Alshibely, Dr. Ahmed Alsaleh
Quality of Life and Mental Health Status of Living Kidney Donors at KAMC-J is a Cross-sectional Descriptive Observational study conducted in King Abdul-Aziz Medical City – Jeddah, Kidney transplant Center (Ward 13). The aim of the study is to assess the effect of kidney donation on the mental health and Quality of Life (QOL) of living kidney donors. Main objectives of the study is to estimate the difference in quality of life of living kidney donors pre and post donation and to estimate the difference in the mental health status of living kidney donors pre and post donation. Data collection instruments used in this study are Short Form 36 (SF36) Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale HADS Questionnaire. The sample of the study included all adult living kidney donors at KAMC-J which accounts for 5 donors who are recruited from November 2018 to April 2019 in two separate occasions (Pre-donation, Post-donation) to calculate the difference. The results of the study are, Physical & Mental health status are decreased (Physical functioning, pain control, anxiety level) post- donation compared with their status prior to the donation. However, all participants are within normal range of general population. Long term health consequences, according to the literature, is observed in a small number of donors, associated with the recipient health, post-donation. The overall short term’s physical functioning is affected negatively, correlating with the literature. Pain, in short term, is significantly increased as expressed by the donors, post donation, also correlating with the literature. Anxiety, according to Health Anxiety & Depression Scale HADS, is significantly increased in donors post operatively. Risk factors for Anxiety should by identified to help the donors adapt easily into their new status of living. Long term Quality of life (3, 6- & 12-months post donation) should be assessed to ensure the physical & mental wellbeing of the donor.