Dr. Nafeesa Abdullah, Dr. Anam Naseem, Dr.Muhammad Sabir Raza
Background and objectives: It has not been recorded as enthusiastically as other fields of studies, the Examination of the mental state of patients suffering from facial trauma, screening them for post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSDs) is rare. We believe that an early support system if provided to these patients in light of such psychological conditions can improve the overall quality of life. Aim of the study: This study was conducted in Bahria University Medical and Dental College ,It is a literature review which aims to to assess the relation of mental state disorders vs facial trauma in relation to the prevalence, screening methodology, and to evaluate the prognosis of individuals subjected to psychological intervention/screening at an early stage of clinical examination. The research database for our study included Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Medline. The keywords used to search the database were “facial trauma,” and “PTSD” “psychological trauma,”. Inclusion criteria: Only meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and original research articles in the English language were included in the study. Exclusion criteria: We did not include the correspondence to journal editors and clinician opinions in our study. The total number of search result articles was 459 results, we included only 8 articles in our study because they were the only articles which satisfied our inclusion criteria terms. The literature review showed that patients suffering from orofacial trauma had signiﬁcantly increased levels of mental state disorders such as PTSD and generalized anxiety disorder, more so in victims of assault. The results of this literature review clearly point toward an increased prevalence of mental state disorders in patients suffering from facial trauma, which warrants for early intervention in this regard to improve the quality of life of these patients. Keywords: facial trauma, psychological trauma, PTSD.