Dr Muhammad Yaseen Wajid, Dr Asim Din, Dr Hafiz Muhammad Ali Hasnain
Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency of Cholelithiasis in adult Feminine population, the role of lipid abnormalities and the importance of dietary factors associated with it. Study Design: A cross sectional study. Place and Duration: This study was conducted at Surgical department of Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi for the duration of four months starting from May, 2020 to August, 2020. Methodology: We selected 80 patients for our study out of which 30 were controlled patients. We used literature-based questionnaire regarding diet type for the collection of data. We used kit method for the analysis of Serum cholesterol & triglycerides. Also conducted abdominal ultrasonography. SPSS V.20 was used for analysis of data. Results: In this study Mean±SD age of the patients was as 35.01±5.437. There were 19 (38%) patients of gallstone group and 21 (70%) of control group having the age range from 25 years to 35 years. Remaining 31 (62%) patients of gallstone group and 9 (30%) of control group were having age from 36 years to 45 years. According to the history of the patients there were 16 (32%) subjects of gallstone group and 17 (56.66%) of control group who ate junk food like fast and fried, whereas remaining 34 (68%) patients of gallstone group and 13 (43.33%) of control group were found with no history of such food. Patients who didn’t consumed any soft drink were 22 (44%) and rest 28 (56%) patients consumed the soft drinks. There were 43 (86%) patients of gallstone group and 27 (90%) of control group with normal cholesterol level and 7 (14%) patients of gallstone group and 3 (10%) of control group were found with increased level. Normal level of triglyceride was there in 22 (44%) patients of gallstone group and 18 (60%) of control group and 28 (56%) patients of gallstone group and 12 (40%) of control group were having increased level of triglyceride. Conclusion: According to findings of our study occurrence of Cholelithiasis is rising even in the age of 25 years of adult feminine. Junk food is deeply associated with this disease and no association was found with soft drink consumption along with increased cholesterol & triglycerides. Keywords: Cholesterol, Cholelithiasis, Pigment Stones, Junk Food.