Dr Haleema Afzal, Dr. Maria Munir, Dr Shaff Fatima
Introduction: Recurrent and persistent pneumonia has become a challenge for doctors. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical profile and determine the causes of recurrent and persistent pneumonia in children admitted to Services Hospital. Methods: The paper presents a retrospective analysis of the medical records of children meeting the criteria of recurrent and persistent pneumonia. The analyzed patients were admitted to the Pediatric department. This is a retrospective study conducted at the Pediatric department of Services Hospital, Lahore for one-year duration from August 2019 to August 2020. Results: During the entire study period, 30 patients were analyzed. Twenty-four patients presented with recurrent pneumonia [80%] and six patients with persistent pneumonia [20%] during the study. After analyzing the clinical profile, the following causes were identified: pulmonary tuberculosis [23.3%], congenital heart disease [13.3%], cystic fibrosis [16.6%], aspiration syndrome [13.3%], bronchial asthma [10%], immune disorders [10%], bronchiectasis [6.6%], congenital pulmonary agenesis [3.3%], unknown cause [3.3%]. Conclusion: Among patients admitted to the sHospital, the most common cause of recurrent and / or persistent pneumonia was pulmonary tuberculosis, followed by congenital heart disease and cystic fibrosis. Key words: persistent pneumonia, recurrent pneumonia, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary tuberculosis.