Muhammad Umar Ramzan, Atif Rasool, Kashif Sardar
Objective: the main objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of diabetes in patients presenting in the outdoor department of tertiary care hospitals. Study design: this is a cross-sectional study. Place and duration of study: This research was conducted from February 2019 to November 2019 in Mayo Hospital Lahore for ten months. Materials and Methods: This research involved a total of 100 patients of both sexes, aged more than 18 years. To find the random amounts of blood sugar, the Optical Glucometer was used. This research included patients with a history of polyuria, polyphagia, and polydipsia. Pregnant females have been removed from our study. Many of the patients received informed consent. The approval of the Ethical Review Committee was adopted. To gather the data, proforma was built carefully and then analyzed using SPSS V.20. Results: There were 55 females and 45 males in our sample. The average age was 36. In 81% of patients, diabetes-related symptoms were found, while 19% of patients had no symptoms of diabetes. Among these patients, 85% were found to be diabetic with BSR levels of about 126 mg/dl, while 15% were non-diabetic with BSR levels of about 126 mg/dl. In these patients, 145.97±22.02 mg/dl was the mean BSR seen. It was 142.89±16.95 mg/dl for female patients, while it was 152.85±23.94 mg/dl for male patients. Of the patients, 25% had a good family history. Conclusion: Our research concluded that there is a high prevalence of people with diabetes among outdoor patients.