Dr. Muhammad Ahsen Arif, Dr. Zaryab Ahmad Chohan, Dr. Muhammad Umar
Introduction: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a serious global public health problem. Globally, there are an estimated 240 million people chronically infected with HBV, with more than 686,000 deaths annually due to complications of hepatitis B, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Objectives of the study: The main objective of the study is to find the Knowledge and awareness of Hepatitis B virus infection among pregnant women of Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital Sialkot during Dec 2018 to May 2019. The group of participants comprised both genders and inclusion criteria required participants to be 18 years of age and provide signed, informed consent. A sample size of 100 individuals for each location was targeted. Results: Independent factors associated with insufficient reduced HBV knowledge include women outside the healthcare sector, lower education level, and no previous HBV testing. The majority of respondents could provide correct responses about the common aspects of HBV infection, including screening, blood-borne and perinatal transmissions, prevention by vaccination, and sequelae of HBV infection. Conclusion: It is concluded that pregnant women of Pakistan had insufficient knowledge regarding HBV infection.