Dr Syeda Gul-e-Najaf, Dr Ali Imran, Dr Rimsha Sehar
Stroke prevention represents a critical health challenge. Stroke is considered a major cause of mortality worldwide. In the united states, it is the fifth driving reason for death. It is also the leading cause of disability. There are different subtypes of stroke eg; carotid, lacunar, and cryptogenic. Generally, the main task in stroke reduction is to control the risk factors such as Hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, and cardioembolism. There are different therapies and treatments( antiplatelet therapy, anticoagulation therapy, stenting, etc) to control these risk factors. The easiest way for stroke prevention is estimated to manage a healthy lifestyle with regular physical activities. In this review, all the risk factors and their treatments are discussed.