Dr Naila Afzal, Dr Tooba Nisar, Dr Ayma Saleem
Objective: The aim of our study was to define the risk factors related with hypertension in young and aged individuals and knowledge about status of their health. Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Place and Duration: This study was conducted at Outpatient departments (OPDs) of four tertiary care hospitals (Services Hospital, Shalamar Hospital, Jinnah Hospital, Mayo Hospital) of Lahore, Pakistan for the duration of six months starting from March, 2020 to August, 2020. Methodology: In this study we selected a total of 364 patients aging from 18 years to 60 years from OPDs of four tertiary care hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. Structured survey method was used to collect data regarding demographic details, medical history and blood pressure measurements. We analyzed the data by using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (IBM SPSS V20). Result: In our study there were 38.70% participants were suffering from hypertension. Among these maximum cases were having age from 40 years to 60 years and having body mass index (BMI) greater than 23/kg2. Bivariate analysis showed a significant association of age, marital status, gender, weight, and physical activity with hypertension having P-value of less than 0.005. Conclusion: It is concluded that Hypertension is related with several risk factors including age, marital status, gender, weight, and physical activity. While smoking didn’t show a significant association with HTN. Although, hypertensive patients were knowledgeable about their health status but were not interested in maintaining good health. Key words: Knowledge, Age, Determinants, Obesity, Hypertension.