Dr Muhammad Younas Khan, Dr Kamranullah, Dr Abdul Wahab
Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the occurrence of accidental poisoning of etiological agents in children. Study Design: A cross sectional study. Place and Duration: This study was conducted in Department of Pediatrics, POF hospital, Wah Cantt Pakistan for the duration of six months starting from March, 2020 to September, 2020. Methodology: In our present study we included 220 patients of accidental poisoning age range is less than 12 years. We took an informed consent from the parents of the children to enter the children data in our study. Data was recorded in the study with respect to age and gender. Parents were interviewed in detail with respect to the name of offending chemical, and the route of entry of a substance was also make for the inquiry of drug medication. We sent container to the laboratory to identify toxic where the covering and wrapping of a material were available. We took samples from stomach and sent for analysis of disease. We categorized all the patients depending on the component involved in poisoning. Results: We include 220 patients in our study. In which 105 patients (47.73%) age range between 0 to 6 years while 115 patients (52.27%) age range between 7 to 12 years. 6.67+2.39 years were their mean age. In the selected patients, large number of patients were females 125 (56.82%). The substance that was responsible for accidental poisoning were present in 54 patients having petroleum-based products (24.55%), 41 having insecticides (18.63%), 81 having pharmacological agents (36.82%) and 44 were those having acid/alkali (20%). Conclusions: At the end of our study, we conclude that the most common substance in children for accidental poisoning is pharmacological agents. Such studies like ours can help to devise suggestions for the public education to control the morbidity and mortality of children. Keywords: Acid/Alkali Ingestion, Pharmacological Agents, Accidental Poisoning in Children, Insecticides, Petroleum Based Products, Etiological Factor.