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TITLE:

ANALYSIS OF MANIFESTATIONS OF ANEMIA IN RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS

AUTHORS:

Dr. Noreena Saba, Dr. Quratul Ain Akber, Dr. Muhammad Usman Mazhar

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, as well as joint pain. But you may be surprised to hear that anemia is also one of the most common symptoms of RA. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to analyze the manifestations of anemia in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Materials and method: This study was conducted at THQ Hospital, Yazman during 2018. The study was carried out among patients diagnosed with Rheumatoid arthritis. Before commencement of the study, ethical clearance was obtained from the hospital. A total of 100 samples were obtained, among them 50 patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis 50 samples were collected from healthy subjects as control. Results: The result reflect that, 30(60%) out of 50 patients are anaemic and 20(40%) are non anaemic. The Hb level ranged from 7g/dl to 11g/dl in anemic rheumatoid arthritis patient with mean ± SD of 8.7g/dl±1.5. For non-anemic patients the Hb level range from 12 g/dl to17 g/dl with a mean ± SD of14.1g/dl ± 1.3, this difference was found to be highly statistically significant with( p value=0.000). Conclusion: It is concluded that CBC and serum ferritin levels must be investigated routinely to avoid the risk of anemia and guiding therapy.

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