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TITLE:

FIGHTING THE INFECTIONS OF THROAT THROUGH ANTIBIOTICS: A COMPARATIVE RESEARCH STUDY WITH NON-JUDICIOUS PRESCRIPTION OF ANTIBIOTICS

AUTHORS:

Dr. Fatima Ameer, Dr. Iqra Waris, Dr. Aqsa Shakir

ABSTRACT:

Objective: We aimed to identify the need and significance of necessary use of antibiotics that whether they are to be used for the management of throat infections or otherwise. Method: We conducted this prospective research study at Mayo Hospital Lahore in the timeframe of January to November 2018. We cultured and identified a total of 362 patients for isolates from almost every age group who were diagnosed with ITRs. The researcher used Kirby-Baur method for the confirmation of isolates susceptibility to antibiotics in the setting of the laboratory. We collected the questionnaires about the otorhinolaryngologic antitrust susceptibility about their prescriptions of the drugs. Results: In the total isolates (362) the frequent presentation was of Pneumococci, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus Aureus with respective proportions of 35.34%, 14.5% and 23.01%. The otolaryngologists twenty prescribed antibiotics such as Cefotaxime, Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone and Pharyngitis. We reported the susceptibility of isolates for Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime, Penicillin and Amoxiclav with respective proportions of 91.0%, 91.2%, 71.0% and 80.4%. Among the less effective antibiotics were Cefixime and Erythromycin with respective proportions of 30.7% and 43.1%. Conclusion: More frequent isolation was reported in Pneumococcal and Staphylococci among the patients of throat infection. Both had an association with GIT resident flora along with infected respiration which required probably harmful pharmacological management. Keywords: Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis, Isolation, Throat Infection and Antibiotic.

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