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TITLE:

ASSESSMENT OF THE RATE OF MINERAL DENSITY IN BONES AND THE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO LOW BONE DENSITY IN PEOPLE SUFFERING FROM SPONDYLOARTHROPATHIES

AUTHORS:

Dr Muhammad Zeeshan Nasir, Dr Muhammad Shahnawaz, Dr M Suhaib Naeem

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The objective of the present study is to assess the rate of mineral density in bones and to check the factors contributing to low bone density in people suffering from spondyloarthropathies. Methods: The present research study was organized in Madina Teaching Hospital Faisalabad. The time duration of this crosssectional study was between June and November 2017.Those individuals were enrolled for the study who were suffering from spondyloarthritis. These patients were examined for the bone mineral density of hips and lumber spine. The examination was carried out through dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scan. The comparison was made between osteopenia and osteoporosis by estimating. Both ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index, bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index, Bath ankylosing spondylitis function index, time period of disorder, identification, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, c- reactive protein and human leukocyte antigen sub type B27 for statistical analysis, SPSS 21 was used. Results: Total people enrolled for this study were 25. Out of these the no number of male patients were 16(69%). At hip and in spine, the percentage of presence of osteoporosis was noticed 5(20%) and 9(36%) respectively. On the other hand, osteopenia was observed at hip and in spine with percentage of 9(36%) and 8(32%) respectively. Moreover; 18(72%) was the frequency of low bone mineral density at spine and hip. Out 16 males, the line period of disease of 20(80%) of males was less than 40 years. Furthermore, 18(27%) was the percentage of males having low bone mineral at spine and hip. The relation between bone mineral density and other factors was not valuable. (p 70.05 each). Conclusion: Low bone mineral density was observed in most of people suffering from spondyloarthritis. The disease can be indicated in earlier stages, Keywords: Ankylosing spondylitis, Spondyloarthritis, Osteoporosis.

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