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TITLE:

STUDY OF ST-ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (STEMI) AND THE FREQUENCY OF ITS RISK FACTORS

AUTHORS:

Dr. Maria Khalid, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Hassan, Dr. Romassa Javed

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The main purpose of this study was to find out the repetition rate of perilous reasons concerned with STElevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) patients. Study Design: Cross-sectional analysis study. Place and Duration: The study was conducted in the Cardiology department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore from January, 2018 to August, 2018 Materials and Methods: A total number of 105 patients were selected for our study. Used non-probability convenient sampling technique for selection. Data about the presence or absence of risk factors was collected through interviewing all patients. Included the lifestyle, stress, obesity,hypertension and diabetes mellitus as the associated risk factors. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS 23. Results: Gender distribution of masculine and feminine was as 60.2% and 39.8% accordingly. Percentage of nonSTEMI and STEMI patients out of all selected patients (105) was as 20.9% and 79.1% respectively. Mean age of the patients was 60.5 ± 12.0 years. STEMI and Non-STEMI mean ± SD of age was 61.55±11.513 years and 56.50±13.172 years. Found statistically insignificant difference amongmean age of STEMI and Non-STEMI with P value as equal to 0.079. Amongst the STEMI patients overweight, non-regular fruit eaters, patients with history of stress, sedentary lifestyle, patients of diabetes, hypertensive, smokers and with positive family history of STEMI were as 20.50%, 39.80%, 24.10%, 69.90%, 28.90%, 63.90%, 27.70% and 36.10% respectively.Non-STEMI patients were having low mean age than STEMI patients. Statistically significant factors were not found. Conclusions: Sedentary lifestyle followed by family history of STEMI and hypertension was the most common risk factor of STEMI. Obesity was the least common risk factor. Any other factor was found to have no considerable association with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Key Words: NSTEMI (Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction), STEMI (ST elevation myocardial infarction), risk factors, overweight, patients

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