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TITLE:

STUDY TO FIND THE FREQUENCY OF MATERNAL RISK FACTORS IN PRETERM NEONATES

AUTHORS:

Dr. Huzaifa Saleem1 , Dr. Muhammad Zeeshan Younis2 , Dr. Sadaf Jabeen3

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The objective of the study is to find the frequency of maternal risk factors in preterm birth. Study Design: Descriptive - Cross sectional study Place and Duration of Study: This study was undertaken at the Service Hospital Lahore from January 2017 to December 2018. Materials and Methods: All preterm neonates were examined at Services Hospital Lahore. Mothers who delivered neonates before 37 weeks gestation period were registered. The prevalence was 14.9%1 , the unavoidable error was 5%, assurance interval 95% and the sample size was 195. The sampling was Non-probability and consecutive. Results: 195 mothers were included in the study who delivered preterm neonates. Out of 195 patients, anaemia was found as a common risk factor for preterm delivery in 50.8% mothers, followed by history of previous abortion and premature rupture of membrane with 23.0% and 13.8% respectively. History of previous preterm delivery, preeclampsia and antepartum haemorrhage were the least reported risk factors at 4.1% each in our study. Conclusion: Early detection of the most common maternal risk factors as: nutritional status of women (BMI), previous abortions and previous preterm births will reduce the prematurity rate, medical cost and suffering of the parents. Prematurity remains a huge problem in Pakistan.

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