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INTERLINK BETWEEN HCV INFECTION AND GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS

Dr. Sana Riaz, Dr. Amir Abbas, Dr. Aiman Shirin

Abstract :

Objectives: Aspire of this document is to explain relationship between hepatitis C virus HCV and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by referring the Glycemic control level. Study Design: Descriptive and Cross Sectional Duration and Setting: This study was carried out in 06 months containing period of June, 2018 to December, 2018. Research site was General Medicine OPD of the Mayo Hospital Lahore. Methodology: Accomplishment of the subject study was done by endorsement of ethical committee of the hospital. The examination survey was done on as 216 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Addition and deletion of the proceedings of the study was carried by using the third generation ELISA and antibodies of anti-HCV. The samples of Anti-HCV antibodies were taken for the tests to determine the values of HBA1c and blood sugar. The patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the value of HbA1c ≤ 6.5 % were of excellent Glycemic control and the patients with > 6.5 % HbA1c values were pathetic Glycemic control. Results: The genre of patients was the female and male of mean age group of 54.5 and Standard Deviation was of 24.6 years. The female patients were 118 and male were 98 among the total of 216 patients having the percentage of 54.63 % and 45.37 % respectively. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection was noticed in 13.89 percent of patients that were 15 in number and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is diagnosed in these patients. 71.29 percent patients (154) of the total were noticed with the low-level Glycemic control and 28.70 percent patients (62) were noticed with high level Glycemic control on the level of HbA1c. In contrast with patients having the low-level Glycemic control, the HCV infection ratio was high in the patients having good Glycemic control. Poor value was 0.2536 and it proves that such findings in statistics are of no consequence. Conclusion: The patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who have the low-level Glycemic control have extensive Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection rate rather than the patients have good Glycemic control. Keywords: Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), HbA1c, Glycemic Control.

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