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PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY DISORDERS IN SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOUS WOMENS IN SAUDI ARABIA ,2018.

Ala'a Al-Hammad , Sherif Saad Osman

Abstract :

Background: Systemic lupus erythematous consider as most common systemic autoimmune worldwide after rheumatoid arthritis. SLE patients at high risk to develop neuropsychic manifestation most commonly depression and anxiety. There is different contributing factor that lead to develop depression and anxiety in SLE patients. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of depression and anxiety in SLE patient as well as assess the relationship between fatigue, life satisfaction, and relationship satisfaction in incidence of depression and anxiety in SLE patient. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried on SLE patients through one of the supportive group meetings in Saudi Arabia. The study was conducted during the period of August 2018 till September 2018.The study population includes Saudi living females between age group 15 and 60 years old. Males patient were excluded in this study. Non-probability consecutive sampling technique was considered in this survey to recruit all eligible patients consecutively within the data collection period. It's included all subjects that were available and accessible. Results: There were 103 women diagnosed with SLE had been included in this study. The prevalence of depression revealed 82 yielding an overall percentage 79.6% while the prevalence of anxiety revealed 70 accounted for 68%. fatigue has significant relationship on both depression (p-<0.001) and anxiety (p-<0.001). There was significant difference found on relationship satisfaction for both depression (p-0.038) and anxiety (p-0.008). Strong positive relationship found at life satisfaction for both depression and anxiety where mean score was both higher on not depressed and not anxious. Conclusions: Based on the results, we found significant relationship between fatigue, relationship satisfaction and life satisfaction for both depression and anxiety. However, no significant relationship found between age group, marital status, educational level and monthly income. A replication of this study discipline involving multi-center or bigger population is highly encourage in order to better understand the prevalence of depression and anxiety of SLE patient as well as the relationship between fatigue, life satisfaction, and relationship satisfaction in SLE patients. Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, SLE, Fatigue, Life satisfaction, Relationship satisfaction.

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