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TITLE:

AWARENESS OF OCULAR DISORDER AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS IN SAUDI ARABIA

AUTHORS:

Mona Abdulaziz M Alanazi

ABSTRACT:

Background: Raising the awareness about diabetes eye complications were shown to be vital for the early detection and management. In this study, we thought to assess the state of knowledge of diabetic patients about ocular diabetes complications. Aims: The aim of our study is to determine the prevalence of Diabetes and to assess the presence of ocular diabetic conditions among the Saudi population. Methods and Material: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 169 diabetic patients attending the diabetes centers in Saudi Arabia during the period from January to October 2018. Participants signed a written informed consent, then interviewed using a structured questionnaire including Demographic data, the disease duration, the place of diagnosis, the source of knowledge of the ocular complications, the reason for the visual check-up, can diabetes affect the eye? Can well-controlled diabetic patients develop ocular complications? Methods of treatment, the frequency of visual check-up, and the types of ocular complications. Results: Out of 169 subjects 53.8% were males, their ages ranged from 20-70 years, 46.8% had ocular complications, 66.9% were aware that diabetes can affect the eye, 50.3% knew that well-controlled diabetic patients can develop ocular complications, 27.8% thought that annual visits are necessary for diabetic patients, 25% were aware of the types of ocular complications, and 53.3% were mindful of the fact that good diabetes control is important to prevent ocular complications. Conclusions: There is a significant gap of knowledge regarding ocular diabetes complications among diabetic patients in Saudi Arabia; measures to raise the awareness are highly needed. Keywords: Diabetic Patient, Ocular Diseases, Awareness.

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