Dr Faizah Mukhtar, Dr Zaineb Haider
Introduction: Functional medical disorders, by definition, lack objective physical, metabolic, or neurological explanations for their symptom presentations. Diagnosis of these disorders, like diagnosis of psychiatric disorders, is based entirely on subjective complaints. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the role of probiotics for the management of different types of Gastric diseases in Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Central Park Medical College, Lahore during 2019 with the permission of ethical committee of hospital. A wide variety of probiotic species are available, but the most investigated are species of Lactobacillus (L acidophilus, L rhamnosus, L bulgaricus, L reuteri, L casei) and Bifidobacterium. Additional probiotic species include Saccharomyces boulardii, Streptococcus and Enterococcus species, Propionibacterium species, and Escherichia coli. We find the role of probiotics in different gastric problems in local population of Pakistan. The data was collected through a questionnaire which describes about the role of probiotics. Results: Probiotics are available in a wide variety of formulations ranging from tablets and powders to yogurts, milk, and juices. Physicians tend to recommend tablets and powders; other formulations are heavily promoted by direct-to-consumer marketing. The role of the diet in health and wellbeing has changed as the science of nutrition has evolved. Research interest is currently directed towards improvement of defined physiological functions beyond the nutritional impact of food, including the potential to reduce the risk of disease. Conclusion: Probiotics are a therapeutic class being increasingly used for a variety of GI disorders. Probiotics appear to alter intestinal microflora and may exert their effect(s) by a variety of mechanisms. Many species of probiotics exist and it is generally accepted that all probiotics are not created equal. Efficacy may be due to a single strain or multiple strains or a combination of different probiotics.