Dr Sarah Sughra Asghar, Professor Dr Zia ul Islam
Aim: To determine gender wise variation in femoral neck ante-version by anatomic method. Study Design: A Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration: In the Anatomy department of Sir Syed College of Medical Sciences for Girls, Karachi for one-year duration from March 2019 to March 2020. Methods: 250 dry femora were examined, including 209 male and 41 female types, 103 right bones and 108. Left. The angle of femoral neck ante version was determined by the Kingsley and Olmsted method, measuring the angle between the long axis of the femoral neck and the transverse retrocondylar line (coronary plane) taken as the axial plane of the femoral axis. Results: The calculated mean angle was 8.12 ± 9.8 with the range of 60.3. Female bones had a lower mean 6.70 ± 12.09 and narrower range (47) than male bones (8.40±9.39 and range of 60.5 respectively). Conclusion: In our society there was a gender difference in femoral neck ante version values. The overall mean of femoral ante version determined is very different from Western, African, and most of the Asian populations and is very close to the Pakistani society. Key words: Arthroplasty, Femoral neck ante version, femoral neck axis.