Dr. Sibgha Saliha, Dr. Aneeqa Mumtaz, Dr Hafsa Saeed
Objective: Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects many adults and children around the world. Symptoms of atopic allergy are associated with the early onset of asthma. The aim of this study is to explore the prevalence of asthma and allergic symptoms among the general population including adults and children. Place and Duration: In the Pulmonology Department of Mayo Hospital Lahore for one year duration from February 2019 to February 2020. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study and participants come from different age groups. The information for their general characteristic and self-reported symptoms for asthma and allergy were recorded through a questionnaire which was distributed electronically on social media. Results: 1496 respondents participated in the survey. The overall incidence of asthma was 8.62% and allergies 28.88%. Allergic and pollen allergy cases were found to be significantly higher (p <0.05) among people over 18 years of age compared to 18 years or less than 18 years. Asthma cases were significantly higher (p <0.05) among men compared to women. Dust allergy cases were found to be significantly higher (p <0.05) among women compared to men. Allergic cases were found to be significantly higher (p <0.05) in the group of children aged 13-18 compared to the group of children aged 5-12. Conclusion: In summary, this study reports the occurrence of asthma and allergic symptoms in the general population of Pakistan. This type of further research is recommended in this region with a larger sample size. Key words: asthma, allergy, general population.