Dr Iqra Asghar, Dr Saira Lone, Dr Abdul Mateen Adil
Aim: The Research diagnostic criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) is a tool used by International RDC/TMD Consortium (A Designated Network of the International Association for Dental Research), to diagnose and categorize TMD patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of TMD in undergraduate dental and medical students based on RDC/TMD; and its relation with depression and somatization Methods: 37 dental and medical students were evaluated. Clinical physical diagnosis (axis I) as well as pain-related disability and mental status (axis II) were assessed using a questionnaire and clinical examination according to the RDC / TMD protocol. Results: Seventeen students diagnosed with TMD showed a significantly higher incidence in women (p = 0.003). The maximum number of TMDs occurred in the group with internal disorders, and then in the groups with pathosis and muscle disorders. A significantly higher incidence of TMD was reported in subjects (p = 0.00, likelihood ratio = 10.80) with Axis II than in those without Axis II. Significant participants in TMD showed somatization than those without TMD (p = 0.000, probability ratio = 12.04). Conclusion: There has been a relatively lower incidence of TMD in young adults, with a much higher incidence in women. Disc dislocation was the most common diagnosis of Axis I. Patients with TMD showed greater RDC / TMD. Axis II. Key keywords: Temporal-mandibular disorders, Rerearch Diagnostic Criteria/Somatization.