Dr. Najia Nazeer, Dr. Sadaf Ejaz, Dr. Muhammad Hassnain Saleem
Objective: To assess serum phosphate and magnesium levels depending on the study participants in patients with type 2 diabetes. Place and Duration: In the Medicine department of Indus Hospital Karachi for six months duration from September 2019 to February 2020. Methodology: This study involved 100 patients with diabetes and 100 non-diabetic patients. Serum phosphate, serum magnesium and fasting and postprandial blood sugar measured among the diabetic and control groups using SPSS version 16.0 for analysis. Results: Serum phosphate (2.92-0.75) in patients with diabetes mellitus was significantly lower than in control subjects (3.38-0.49). Serum magnesium concentrations (0.9 x 0.15) were significantly lower in patients with diabetes mellitus compared to the control group (2.75 x 0.46) Conclusion: The study shows that hyperglycemia can reduce the concentration of magnesium and phosphorus in serum. Keywords: Magnesium, phosphate, type 2 diabetes.