Dr Qurat-ul-Ain Mehmood, Dr Hareem Khan, Dr Ayesha Anwar
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been emerging as a major healthcare problem in Pakistan with 7.0 million people suffering from it and the number of diabetic patients is estimated to rise to a staggering figure of 14.4 million by the year 2040 making Pakistan the 8th highest country in the world in terms of burden of diabetic patients. Aims and Objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the association between insulin resistance and measurement of physical activity in older adults without diabetes mellitus. Methodology of the study: The study was conducted at Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur during March 2019 to January 2020. The data was collected from 100 diabetic patients who was suffering from diabetes from last one year. After approval by the hospital ethical review committee, informed written consent was taken from the patients prior to inclusion in the study. Patients from both genders, age range 35 to 65 was selected for this study. Results: The demographic values shows that there is a significant relation between diabetes and hyperlipidemia in a local population of Pakistan. The value of HbA1C is 5.77 ± 0.50 in diabetic patients as compared to normal group. Conclusion: In our study, strong positive correlation was found between serum TC, TG, LDL-C with both BSF and HbA1c, while HDL-C showed weak negative correlation with both BSF and HbA1c. Serum cholesterol, LDL-C and TG levels were significantly elevated and serum HDL-C level was decreased in patients with diabetes.