Mahrukh Sana, Dr. Mah Jabeen, Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Fazal
Objectives: To find out the frequency of hyponatremia in patients of hepatic encephalopathy at territory care hospital. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Medicine, Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur from July 2019 to December, 2019 over the period of six months. Total 80 patients of hepatic encephalopathy were selected. Results: Mean age of the patients was 38.34 ± 11.140 years. Hyponatremia was found in 31 (39%) patients. Hyponatremia was noted in 13 (41.94%) patients of age group 18-36 years and 18 (36.73%) patients of age group 37-55 years. Statistically insignificant association of hyponatremia with age was seen with p value 0.6467. Hyponatremia was found in 21 (40.38%) male patients and 10 (35.71%) female patients. But the difference of frequency of hyponatremia between male and female patients was statistically insignificant with p value 0.8109. Conclusion: Results of this study showed a higher percentage of hyponatremia in patients with HE. Male were more victim of HE as compared to female but insignificant association of hyponatremia with gender is noted. Results of this study also revealed that there is insignificant association of hyponatremia with grade of HE, socio-economic status, area of residence and age. Key words: Hypertension, hyponatremia, diabetes mellitus, ischemic stroke.