Dr Bilal Zaib, Dr Suhaib Ali Khan, Dr Awais Nawaz Khan
Introduction: Cardiovascular, heart valve and congenital heart diseases (CHD) constitute a major part of adult and pediatric diseases. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to analyse the patterns of cardiothoracic diseases and procedures in Pakistan. Material and methods: This descriptive study was conducted in Ayub medical college during June 2019 to December 2019. Collecting patients’ data was conducted through interviewing the patients included in the study and reviewing their medical files. A predesigned questionnaire was used for data collection, and included inquiries about socio-demographic data of the studied patients, smoking, types of cardiovascular diseases and thyroid dysfunction among them. Results: The data was collected from 180 patients. There were more females than males. The patients who were younger than 60 years old represented 39.2% of the study population. More than one-third of the individuals (34.3%) were between 60 and 70 years of age, 19.9% were between 70 and 80 years of age, and only 6.6% were older than 50 years. Conclusion: It is concluded that majority of patients presented were male and had triple vessel disease. Thyroid dysfunction may add to cardiovascular risk and assessment of thyroid function is recommended especially in a high-risk population.