Dr Sheza Rauf,Dr Mazhar Nadeem,Dr Muhammad Abrar
Peptic ulcer is a chronic disease and up to 10% of the world is affected by it. Peptic ulcers are formed due to abnormal changes in gastric juice, its pH and decline in mucosal defenses. Two major factors; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, play a disrupting role that causes mucosal injury. Conventional treatments like proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 (H2) receptor antagonists have shown adverse effects, drug interactions and relapses. On the other hand, some medicinal plants are very helpful and useful along with their chemical compounds in the prevention and treatment of different diseases. However, this review paper only encompasses some medicinal plants that are found useful for the prevention and treatment of peptic ulcers.