Abdullah Bin Naeem, Farhan Khalid, Ali Jaan, Muhammad Tayyeb, Aniqa Raheem, Hira Saleem, Ehtesham Zahoor4, Dania Rahim Qureshi, Rahman Mahmood Bhatti
Introduction: Diarrhea has significant morbidity and mortality in children <5 years of age. Reducing risk factors and improving healthcare measures can decrease diarrheal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with diarrhea and outcome measures such as morbidity and mortality in infants presenting in the Pediatrics ward of Mayo Hospital Lahore. Study Design: Analytical Cross-Sectional, Study Duration and Place: The study was conducted for a 3-month duration in Community Medicine Department, KEMU Lahore. Subjects and Methodology: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out at the Pediatrics department of Mayo Hospital, Lahore. 78 children were selected based laid down inclusion criteria. Data was collected through a pretested questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS 23. Results: 55% of the parents reported an episode of diarrhea in the child within 2 weeks before questioning. Among the children, 49% were being breastfed exclusively. 95% of parents affirmed a positive relationship between hygiene and diarrhea. The most commonly reported response to diarrhea was taking a child to a doctor (55%), followed by giving ORS and/or meshed foods (42%). Recent weight loss was reported in 53% of the patients, with a significant correlation between weight loss and history of diarrhea. There were 53% confirmed cases who had received Rotavirus vaccination. Conclusion: Our study concluded that there is a significant relation between diarrheal disease in infants <1 year of age and morbidities such as weight loss and lack of proper growth. The major risk factors for the development of diarrhea, including poor hygiene, low vaccination coverage, and poor nutrition need to be considered more seriously. Measures such as supplying ORS at homes and teaching parents how to utilize ORS; vigorous efforts for Rotavirus vaccination and promotion of exclusive breastfeeding should be encouraged by the government and health authorities. Keywords: Diarrhea, Rotavirus, ORS, Breastfeeding.