Dr Rizwan Ullah, Dr Sadam Hussain,Dr Mumtaz Ahmad
The estimated prevalence of anemia is 39% in children less than 5 years of age and 48% in children 5-14 years of age4 in developing countries. Children suffering from anemia are more susceptible to infection and impaired motor and cognitive development. Factors associated with lower hemoglobin levels in children are Lack of awareness among mothers, poor nutrition, unhealthy food habits, and parasitic infestations. The aim of the study was to evaluate severity and frequency of anemia in children. The association of anemia with the age and gender were secondary goals. Moreover many studies has recommended that at the population level to significantly improve the iron status wheat flour fortification must be used. The more emphasis is on high frequency of anemia in children to bring down the total prevalence. Among school-age children and adolescent boys, those who have a history of iron deficiency anemia, special health-care needs, or low iron intake should periodically be screened for anemia and appropriate measures be taken. The frequency of anemia was high in age group 1-58 months. The prevalence of anemia less than age 15 was 66.4% whereas gender was not significantly associated with anemia.