Dr Ahmed Naeem, Dr Malik Muhammad Haseeb Aslam, Dr Ramsha Mehmood
Neurocutaneous syndromes are a group of diseases in which characteristic skin changes are observed in connection with central nervous system abnormalities, as a result of which there is a risk of developing epilepsy and other concomitant diseases. Aim: The objective of this study is to study clinical presentations and diagnoses among children with neurocutaneous syndrome. Place and Duration: In the pediatric neurology department of Allied Hospital Faisalabad for one year duration from March 2019 to March 2020. Patients and methods: This is a cross-sectional hospital study. Fifty children with neurocutaneous syndrome were enrolled in the study from the age of 6 months to 15 years attending the hospital. Data was collected based on a designed data collection sheet, and a detailed skin examination was performed and evaluated by dermatologist. Results: The average age of the entire study group was 4.45 ± 1.96. The majority of the surveyed group belongs to the age group of 1 to 5 years, which represents 36% of the total working population. Thirty-seven patients (74%) were male and 13 patients (26%) were female. About 24% of patients showed skin complaints from all patients, with ash leaves being the most common skin lesion. Conclusion: Neurocutaneous syndromes had more than one clinical picture. Most patients with neurocutaneous disorders had the most common seizures in these children; generalized seizure was the most common in the study group. Tuberous sclerosis was the most common type of neurocutaneous disorder in our patient clinic. Dermatological examination is important for the early detection of neuromuscular disorders. Key words: neurocutaneous syndromes, skin lesions, tuberous sclerosis, dependent nodules.