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TITLE:

INCIDENCE OF MAJOR TYPES OF ANEMIA AMONG ADULTS OF LAHORE REGION

AUTHORS:

Dr Iram Hina, Dr Beenish Iqbal, Dr Misbah Shabbir

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: Anemia is a major public health burden with severe consequences. It is one of the most common nutritional deficiency diseases observed globally. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of major types of anemia in a sample of apparently healthy adults. Materials and Methods: This cross- sectional study recruited 400 diagnosed anemic adults (19-60 years) outdoor patients of Mayo hospital Lahore. Data of either genders (males & non pregnant females) was collected. Hemoglobin & cell indices were used as a tool to assess the type and severity of anemia. SPSS version 19 was used to analyze the data. Chi square was used at 95% confidence interval. The p- value <‚ÄČ0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Out of total 400 patients, 52 patients (13%) were anemic (normocytic normochromic anemia). Whereas, 234 patients (58.5%) had mild anemia, 76 patients (19.0%) were suffering from moderate, whereas 90 patients (22.5%) from severe anemia respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of iron deficiency was high in females and the normocytic normochromic anemia was common in elderly patients depending upon the nutritional conditions in accordance with socioeconomic status of individuals. The hemoglobin & complete blood count (CBC) indices are the best tools to diagnose anemia. Keywords: Anemia, adults, major types

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